Russia acts in Nicaraguan computer security
According to an agreement approved by the National Assembly of Nicaragua on September 7, 2021, Russia will help Nicaragua to “prevent, detect and put an end to computer incidents, as well as to investigate crimes and criminal cases related to the use information and communication technologies for terrorist and criminal purposes.
“For years, the Russian government has focused on using Nicaragua as a platform for cyber and electronic operations,” said a Nicaraguan constitutional lawyer, who requested anonymity to avoid harassment from supporters of Daniel Ortega. Dialogo. “This deal means handing over the country’s security to the Russians. […]and will be used to launch, from a point closer to the hemisphere, cyberattacks or electoral interference.
The agreement does not define precisely what type of data the countries will exchange, or how they will do it. “It is necessary to identify what information Russia can obtain that could affect any rights or guarantees of Nicaraguans,” Antonio Maza, an Argentinian expert in forensic analysis, digital investigation and computer security, told the Nicaraguan magazine. Confidential.
The United States has warned of possible Russian interference in cyberattacks and on April 15 announced sanctions against more than 30 Russian individuals and entities for interfering in the 2020 U.S. election, orchestrated a massive cyberattack on institutions US and partner countries, and “encouraged and used foreign bribery to influence foreign governments.
María Oviedo, a defense attorney for political prisoners through the Nicaraguan non-governmental organization (NGO) Permanent Human Rights Commission, has been detained since July 29, “for the alleged crime of high treason “, according to the Peruvian newspaper. The Republic reported. The attorney general’s office accused Oviedo of “conspiring and spreading false news through information and communication technology.”
Amaru Ruiz Alemán, president in exile of the NGO Fundación del Río, which defends the environment and the rights of indigenous peoples, was also accused of the same crime. Through social media, Ruiz reported on human rights violations against Nicaraguan populations and violence against indigenous communities in 2020 and 2021, including the September 3, 2021 massacre in the Mayangna territory of Sauni As, in the Bosawás Biosphere Reserve, the Swiss-based NGO World Organization Against Torture reported.
With this new agreement, Russia will be able to conclude “specific collaboration agreements” with Nicaragua to “jointly analyze and assess threats to international information security”, specifies the agreement.